The Val d’Orcia is also home to Bagno Vignoni and Bagni San Filippo, two wonderful thermal towns whose waters, rising from the heart of the volcano, have offered well-being and health remedies for thousands of years, while Castiglione d’Orcia marks the border between the Val d’Orcia and the forests on Monte Amiata. Siena and the Salimbeni family bitterly fought for control of this ancient settlement, formally ruled by the Aldobrandeschi in the 1300s. The village is dedicated to the painter and sculptor Lorenzo di Pietro, known as “Il Vecchietto,” and the centre’s main piazza is home to travertine well built in 1618. Visitors won’t want to miss a tour of the town’s lovely churches, including the Church of Santa Maria Maddalena and the Church of Santi Stefano e Degna. The ruins of two impressive fortresses, Rocca Aldobrandesca and the Tentennano Fortress, are located here as well.
In the hamlet of Rocca d’Orcia, visitors will find the Parish Church of San Simeone (13th century), the Church of San Sebastiano and the Church of Madonna del Palazzo.
A stop in Vivo d’Orcia is sure to be a hit, a tourist hotspot at the foot of Monte Amiata. Not far from the town is the Eremo del Vivo, or Vivo Hermitage, a late-Renaissance building designed by Antonio da San Gallo the Younger. A short walk from Vivo’s acqueduct will take visitors to the Ermicciolo, a small oratory, and the famous “Seccatoi” area, which many experts say is the town’s first ancient settlement.