The whole of the Maremma is rich in Etruscan heritage, which can be seen in the two biggest traces of this ancient period: tombs and other ruins and the Vie Cave around the tuff towns. The latter are roads dug out of the tuff rock, a soft stone formed from volcanic ash, particularly around Pitigliano, Sorano and Sovana, whose origins are steeped in mystery. Still within the Maremma, you’ll find Vetulonia, where an entire Domus from the Etruscan era was recently discovered.
The towns of Pitigliano, Sorano and Manciano rest atop steep Italian hills, built into the tuff bedrock. While the towns date to the Etruscan era, they’ve since undergone several changes, and most of the surviving architecture in the hilltop towns dates to the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Unfortunately, the soft tuff stone has deteriorated over the centuries and many of the buildings have been destabilized. Indeed, a full 10% of the town of Sorano has disappeared!
When walking the Vie Cave or exploring the area by car, we suggest looking for the brown signs with an archeological symbol, which lead to many different tombs and other ruins dotting the landscape, especially the archeological area in Roselle.
If the Middle Ages are more your thing, then you might be interested to know that there is also plenty of Romanesque architecture in the area, mostly in ruins, like the Abbey of San Lorenzo al Lanzo and the Abbey of San Galgano, with its famous sword in the rock.