Let's start from Pisa, where we can learn about several key events and places of the movement. It's the city where the first march opposing violence against homosexuals was organized in 1979. It went down in history as Pisa79.
The demonstration was organized on November 24, 1979 by the Orfeo Homosexual Collective which was based in Vicolo del Tinti 30 as a reaction to the murder of a gay man in Livorno. The Orfeo club had been opened a few months earlier, in the spring of 1979, following the wave of gay collectives that were formed all over Italy, from Rome to Turin, with the aim of "allowing freedom of expression and affirming the right to live one's sexuality in the light of the sun".
The event started from the beautiful Piazza dei Cavalieri and is considered the first Italian Pride event as it's the first LGBT event in Italy authorized by the police headquarters and sponsored by the Municipality of Pisa.
An estimated 200 to 300 participants were joined by both the curious and allies such as feminist collectives. The procession crossed the historic center of Pisa and ended with a circle made by all the participants around the Leaning Tower. An interesting fact is that in the sixties and seventies, the area where the tower stands was one of the favorite meeting places for young people, as well as the Scotto Garden and Piazza Guerrazzi.
In 2019, forty years after that first Pride, Pisa hosted Toscana Pride during which over twenty thousand people demonstrated around the city.