So, you'll see that Montecristo is the wildest and most solitary island in Tuscany, although even the Etruscans wanted to live there. Its history begins when Saint Mamilian founded of an important abbey there and sojourned in the island as a hermit in the fifth century.
By the mid 1500s, the Saracens attacked the Monastery which brought about its decline. After various attempts to colonize Montecristo in 1878, after the Unification of Italy, a penal prison was established there. In 1899, the island became the exclusive hunting lodge of Vittorio Emanuelle III, a role it retained until 1971 when it was declared a Nature Reserve.
The island was the setting of some key scenes from the celebrated novel "The count of Montecristo" by French author Alexandre Dumas. The story’s protagonist finds a legendary treasure that he uses to plot his own formidable revenge.