The Etruscans were an ancient people who lived in Etruria between the 9th and 3rd centuries BC. According to Dionigi di Alicarnasso, a Greek historian, they had absolutely no connection, either linguistically or culturally, with any other populations at the time. Nonetheless, speaking in terms of culture, the Etruscan civilisation was one of the richest in Italy and in the whole Mediterranean.
They initially settled in an vast area extending over what we nowadays call Tuscany, northern Lazio and Umbria, to be more specific between the courses of the Arno and Tevere rivers, and then spread over much more territory. They travelled as far north as the Padana Plain and into Emilia, Liguria and even Campania and had strong economic and trading ties with all the other populations of the Mediterranean.