His work represents the beginning of the Renaissance style, the period that came after Gothic art. Put simply, in Gothic architecture there are pointed arches, while Renaissance architecture favors semi-circular arches, generally as part of regular repetitions of harmonious shapes – squares, circles and the like. While Brunelleschi’s most famous work, the Dome of Florence Cathedral, is Gothic in style, this is the culmination of a building begun in another era (the end of the thirteenth century). If you take a walking tour around Florence to some of its major churches, you can easily understand the impact that Brunelleschi had on style. Connected to his work as an architect (a modern term that defines what he was, to a certain extent), throughout his lifetime, Brunelleschi also invented hoisting machines, designed fortifications for Florence and other towns, created rigs for stage sets and designed a ship to transport marble to Florence from Pisa via the Arno River - and saw it sink on its first trip!
Brunelleschi is also considered the inventor of one-point linear perspective in drawing and painting, which revolutionized the representation of space and our perception of the world. Brunelleschi died on April 15, 1446. His tomb is found in the crypt of Florence’s Cathedral, where the epitaph reads, "How much Filippo was eminent in Daedalus’s art is visible in the magnificent dome of this very famous temple, and by the many machines invented by him with divine intellect. And for the excellent qualities of his soul and his singular virtue, his well deserving body was buried in this earth on May 15, 1446, by order of his grateful motherland.”