Butterflies, crickets, lizards, birds and even whales typical of the Mediterranean ecosistem can be spotted in the seven islands of the Tuscan Archipelago. If you are looking for a very special day trip visit the Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals and the Butterflies Sanctuary. The Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals is an internationally protected area established in 1999 which occupies a maritime area of 96,000 hectares of the Tyrrhenian Sea and extends around the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Due to its considerable wealth of plankton, during the summer months you can observe whales of all species including fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus), sperm whales (Physeter catodon), pilot whales (long-finned pilot whale), Risso’s dolphins (Grampus griseus), bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), zifi (Ziphys cavirostris) and common dolphins (Delphinus DELPHY). For more info about tours to the whale sanctuary please contact the Parco dell’Arcipelago Toscano offices.
On the road from Sant’Ilario to San Piero in Campo, on the Elba island, you can walk on a path roughly two kilometers long, known as the Butterfly Sanctuary, on Mount Perone. Here you will find more than 50 species of butterflies, some of which are unique in their kind.
Parco dell’Arcipelago Toscano official web site