The air of novelty that the Renaissance brought with it also extended to the creation of parks and gardens. Urban spaces dominated by greenery were created from Versilia to the Val d'Orcia, with a thriving and friendly atmosphere.
These are the gardens of Palazzo Pfanner in Lucca, created in the early 18th century by Filippo Juvarra: plants, hedges, flowers, trees and even a bamboo grove characterize this Italian Baroque garden. The avenues that cross it converge towards the central fountain, a decorative element that brings out all the liveliness of the garden, from which you can admire the bell tower of the Basilica of San Frediano.
The Horti Leonini is more sombre and elegant, an urban space in San Quirico d’Orcia that was created at the end of the 16th century by Diomede Leoni. The low geometric hedges convey the feeling of balance typical of Italian Renaissance gardens, while the higher terraces are shaded by the fronds of centuries-old holm oaks. During the summer, the air is filled with the scent of flowers from the adjacent Rose Garden.
In Radicofani, Bosco Isabella doesn't have the characteristics of a garden, and nature grows largely free, the master of its place. However, everything has its own order: formed at the end of the 19th century through Odoardo Luchini's passion, Bosco Isabella is a romantic-esoteric garden where every human intervention (paths, dry stone walls and flat bridges) have been designed to be in harmony with the surrounding vegetation. Trees, plants and stones are arranged in groups of three, a symbolic reference that finds its widest expression in the triangular pyramid that rises in the centre of the garden.