The protected area of the Montalbano extends northwards from Capraia e Limite and Vinci. The landscape is basically hilly, with vineyards on the flatter areas or, in some cases, on terraces, olive trees further up and chestnut woods on the summits. Between the 16th and 17th century about 4,000 hectares of the Montalbano were set aside by the Medici for the Barco Reale Mediceo, a vast hunting reserve surrounded by a perimeter wall. Some stretches of the original wall still stand today.
Montalbano is crisscrossed by an extensive network of footpaths and mountain-bike trails leading to hilltop country villages, archaeological sites and very old, mature wooded areas like the holm-oak wood of Pietramarina. For example, you can hike or ride your bike along the Green Road, until you reach Leonardo's House; you can then proceed to Santa Lucia and Faltognano with its centuries-old holm oak and the Church of S. Maria.
Other routes will take you to visit Vitolini, Montelupo Fiorentino and its treasures, such as the Romanesque church of S.Jacopo a Pulignano, the Villa di Bibbiani with the English garden created in the nineteenth century by Cosimo Ridolfi and the archaeological excavations of Montereggi.