The Fucecchio Marsh also plays an important role in bird migration as they journey from the Tyrrhenian coast to more inland areas. It's the most important heron reproduction zone in central and southern Italy, that is, for heronry (the nesting of heron colonies), and is home to seven heron species: the night heron, egret, squacco heron, cattle egret, red heron, grey heron and the great egret.
The marsh maintains the fantastical feel of many of the area's historic events tied to the great Medici and Lorraine families. Here, you’ll find significant proof of man’s modification of nature, who throughout time shaped and modified the area’s wetland: you’ll find canals and port-systems, the Medici Cappiano bridge, the Capannone farm complex and industrial archeological structures (such as tobacco drying rooms).
Tablets scattered on sheds or along the water bank tell a more recent story: that of the barbaric massacre committed by Nazis on August 23, 1944.
History and tradition live on today in the active collecting and weaving of marsh herbs such as the “sarello” and the “sala,” used to decorate chairs and flasks. It's still practiced today by the area's remaining artisans.