Public works and construction are the most obvious examples of Roman rule in Etruria. As master builders and organizers, the Romans built a road network throughout the region to aid their northern expansion and increase trade. Many of the main roads in Tuscany today boast Roman origins, including via Aurelia (along the coast), via Clodia (which connected Veio to via Aurelia), via Cassia (from Rome to Faesulae) and via Flaminia (which connected to the other side of the Apennines and passed through Arretium).
A number of cities in Etruria, including Arezzo, Cortona and Pisa, did not resist ‘Romanization,’ though they did not openly support their invaders. And despite increased trade and urbanization due to the new roads, the region’s art production declined. This fact was a result of Roman civil wars around Etruria and the spread of a deadly disease: malaria.