Starting from the Scoglio della Regina, inspired by the queen of Etruria Maria Luisa di Borbone, who had a pool dug for her baths among the rocks of this stretch of coastline, we arrive at the magnificent Terrazza Mascagni, from which a wide panorama of the sea and the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago can be admired. Popular during summer evenings, the square dates back to the 1920s and in 1945 was named after the well-known Livorno composer Pietro Mascagni. It was restored, with the entire section surrounding it, where a sound box, or music stand, was reconstructed following the original model. Also in the square overlooking the waves, you can visit the Livorno Aquarium, a true paradise for all lovers of the underwater world.
We deviate from the seafront and return later and head to Museo Civico G. Fattori, which collects over a hundred works by Macchiaioli painters. Not far away, we can also visit the Museum of Natural History of the Mediterranean, hosted in the 18th-century Villa Henderson.
Back on the seafront, continuing south, we find in front of us the Grand Hotel Palazzo, the most elegant and exclusive hotel in the frivolous and worldly Livorno of the late 19th century.
In front of the entrance to the Bagni Pancaldi in Piazza Modigliani we notice the Neptune Fountain, donated to the city in 1934 by Giuseppe Valiperti.