The history of San Pellegrino in Alpe is combined with a legend: it is said that the son of the King of Scotland, on the death of his father, renounced his throne and crown to set out first for the Holy Land and then to Italy, where he lived as a hermit until he was almost a hundred years old. It seems that he wrote his story on the bark of a tree shortly before his death and that his body, watched over by animals, was found by a woman thanks to the apparition of an angel in a dream. It was 643 AD, and in the place where it was found a sanctuary was built, dedicated to the hermits Pellegrino and Bianco and, later, a hospice was built there to welcome those who came to idolise the saints.
For centuries San Pellegrino in Alpe has been the destination of pilgrimages and, even today, devotees from all over the world come to the Sanctuary to see the remains of the saints and pay homage. The peculiarity of these remains is their position: they are right on the border between the regions of Emilia and Tuscany, so the saints, placed behind the high altar in the urn inside the small temple by Matteo Civitali, rest with the head and torso in Emilia and the other remains of the body in Tuscany.