We continue our walk to reach the Tower of Catilina, one of the city's symbolic sites. The tower is located in via della Tomba di Catilina 2, and is a ninth century building made entirely of stone that's about 30 meters high.
Catiline was a Roman politician, soldier and senator born in 108 BC who made history for the conspiracy that intended to overthrow the Roman Republic. The conspiracy was thwarted and Catiline was killed by the republican army led by Marco Petreio on January 5, 62 BC. The tower owes its name to the fact that Lucio Sergio Catilina is said to have been buried there.
Catiline is a very interesting figure in Roman history, he was highly ambitious and attacked for his way of dress. He is one of those people who was accused of being "too effeminate" in those times. Catilina, together with Gaius Julius Caesar, Marco Antonio and Publio Clodio Pulcro were publicly mocked because they were always well dressed and perfumed.
“People of his taste, or to put it better, who are close and loved by him! Look at them! With smoothed hair, shiny with oil, shaved or with an artistic beard, in long-sleeved tunics, not girded with togas, but only with veils. Only active and tireless when it comes to feasting all night! In this pack, you'll find the cheaters, the adulterers, the seducers, the corrupt and the shameless of Rome."
At that time, there were also rumours about adventures with other men. It's no coincidence that the year of Catiline's death is also the year of the most famous scandal in Ancient Rome, when Clodio Pulcro disguised himself as a flautist to participate in the rites of the Bona Dea which were exclusively for women. To date, this is the first known and witnessed case of cross-dressing in history.