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The Riccardo Francovich Documentation Centre

Discover the monuments and archaeological sites near Scarlino Fort

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The Riccardo Francovich Documentation Centre is housed in the thirteenth century Palazzo Comunale (Town Hall). It was opened by the local council in collaboration with the University of Siena and the Soprintendenza Archeologica in order to conserve and display archaeological artefacts that came to light during digs near Scarlino Fort. The artefacts unearthed here prove that there was a human settlement on the Scarlino hill as far back as the Bronze Age. The settlement was bordered by a dry stone wall, as can be seen by the stony fragments around the edge of the dig site. The fort area was then abandoned until it was again inhabited the Late Etruscan period. Between the seventh and ninth centuries BC, the population rose sharply and 1500 square metres of housing was built. Following this peak, the hill was inhabited in the Late Republican and Roman Age. It was abandoned again up until the Early Medieval period.

The fort and the surrounding walls were rebuilt in the fourteenth century when the it became part of the principality of Piombino, under the lordship of the Appiano family. The whole area experienced a period of economic well-being and growth at this time. During the following century, the Medici family grew in power and this had a negative effect on the fort as its position lost its strategic importance. The Documentation Centre includes articles which describe the main monuments and archaeological sites in the area. There are also many everyday items unearthed here and material which illustrates the various human settlements of Scarlino Fort from the Bronze Age (approx. 2000 BC) until the seventeenth century. Visitors can learn about the many archaeological digs carried out on the hill between 1979 and 1983.

Disabled access: No

Contact: museidimaremma.it

The name Scarlino comes from the Gothic word “scherlin,” meaning “torch-light procession,” and points to the role played by the town’s lighthouse in the Roman port of Scabris (today’s Puntone port.) Recent archeological digs in the Puntone area unearthed an important Etruscan necropolis and burial mound, signs of early settlements dating back to the 6th and 7th centuries BCE. ...