The Galileo Museum in Florence is located in piazza dei Giudici, in the medieval Palazzo Castellani: here, one of the most important collections of scientific instruments and experimental equipment is housed.
The museum’s itinerary includes over 1000 instruments of great scientific importance, but which are also known for their considerable beauty, and are the backbone of the museum’s presentation of the extraordinary figure of Galileo, reconstructing events that took place in Florence and Tuscany: under the Medici and Lorraine governments the area was not only unmatched in the arts, but was also a center of excellence in scientific knowledge, as well as an incubator and stage for episodes and discoveries that deeply marked the history of modern science.
On display are instruments from the Medici and Lorraine collections, including a few originals that once belonged to Galileo himself, like the two telescopes and their lenses, used by the Pisan scientist to observe Jupiter’s moons.
The various rooms are also dedicated to astronomy and the measurement of time, the representation of the ancient and medieval world, the science of warfare, measuring instruments and chemistry.
The Galileo Museum is also an institute dedicated to research and documentation, and the substantial resources in its library are available for international scholars and are consultable online.