The area’s history began with the historic Ligurian-Apuan populations; numerous archaeological relics of the settlement have been found. The stele statues (menhirs dating back to the Bronze Age, whose copies are on display in an archaeological park near the Hermitage of Minucciano) are particularly interesting.
A row of hills divides the municipal area into two halves: the Garfagnana area and the Lunigiana. In the center is Minucciano, the capital, perched on a rocky outcrop with its ancient medieval castle. Many popular traditions are still followed in the area, such as the stunning bonfire competition, the Natalecci di Gorfigliano. In the town it’s worth visiting the beautiful complex complete with the Church and Tower of the Castle (mentioned in a Franco-Lombard document of 793 AD ).
The tower of Minucciano (part of the Castle, partially destroyed during the earthquake of 1837) deserves a mention, as does the Crucifix of Annigoni (located in Gorfigliano’s cemetery in the Pancetti Chapel) the Parish Church of San Lorenzo , the Parish Church of Pugliano, the Church of Castagnola (built in Romanesque style in the twelfth century) and the Sanctuary of the Beata Vergine del Soccorso, with the adjoining Archaeological Park.
Finally, the Gramolazzo lake is also in the area. It’s artificial and gathers water from the Acqua Bianca stream, and can be reached via trekking routes that start in Piazza al Serchio.