Simone Martini, Guidoriccio da Fogliano, Siena

Siena, Simone Martini, Guidoriccio da Fogliano

This fresco depicts Guidoriccio da Fogliano, commandant of the Siena army as it takes hold of the Montemassi Castle in the Maremma in 1328.

Piazza del Campo, 1

The section on the right side of the fresco, where the Montemassi Castle is situated, was repainted in the late-1400s.


The sky was also touched up after the frescos were completed. Both the leader of the troops is in the center, and the encampment on the left, are in good condition, even though they have lost their rich, original decorative elements. Both paintings by Martini, which face each other in the Sala Maggiore, counter civic glories against the religious and political glories of the city.


Martini painted a cycle of narrative fresco that retells the conquests of the city of Siena in the surrounding countryside: castles in the Maremma and Amiata that they conquered in the 1300s and the 1400s. In the Mappamondo room in Siena’s Palazzo Pubblico, Martini’s artwork depicting the mercenary commandant is considered one of the most illustrious works of the era, after Leonardo’s Monalisa and Raphael’s many Madonnas.


Where not a single stone has changed down the centuries
Siena shines perfectly from a distance in its medieval magnificence. The three hills amid which the city rests rise up like an idyllic film set, the old boundaries soften like the past into a countryside that sometimes still seem like the scene painted by Ambrosia Lorenzetti in the Allegory of Good Government in the halls of Siena's city hall. ...