Vernio is a scattered municipality in a mostly mountaineous area, rich in streams and dense in vegetation, which due to the varied nature of its little wooded hamlets proves an enjoyable summer destination for those in search of relaxation. Situated beside a large bend in the Bisenzio river, the Apennine watershed runs through the hamlets. The earliest settlements documented in this part of the Bisenzio Valley date to Ancient Roman times.
Some significant social and historic changes took place locally between 1924 and 1934 with the construction of the long Apennine tunnel along the Florence-Prato-Bologna highway, sparking job opportunities for the entire valley, putting an end to the seasonal migration into Maremma and Corsica. In the 1950s, big farms and the figure of the farmer ceased to exist. Major changes occurred after the valley’s main textile mills closed down.
The Vernio area includes the hamlets of Terrigoli, Cavarzano, Costozze, Le Confina, Mercatale Vernio and Montepiano, a popular summer resort with its Badia and in a grassy space near Casa del Mulino Bruno Saetti’s Sun sculpture.
Lovers of culture and history can continue their journey in the Prato area. In the past, this area was rich in castles which, even today, are charming and elegant. Examples include Fossato, Luicciana, Codilupo and the CerbaiaFortress.
In the municipality of Carmignano, the splendid Medici Villa La Ferdinanda in Artimino stands out, also known as the Villa dei Cento Camini. Another higlight is the 16th-century Villa di Trefiano, headed like others in the area by Bernardo Buontalenti.
Every year in Vernio, on the first Sunday of Lent, one of the oldest typical products of Tuscany is celebrated: polenta made with sweet chestnut flour, even more delicious if accompanied by herring and cod. This celebration is called the Festa della Polentaor della Pulendina, although many know it as the Festa della Miseria. It's also an opportunity to organize historical re-enactments with performances and costumed processions.
Typical dishes and products
Zuccherini fromVernio are dry aniseed and donut-shaped biscuits, typical of the Upper Bisenzio Valley. These delicacies are first baked in the oven and then glazed in a sugar syrup. They are generally eaten for breakfast or a snack, but they are also perfect at the end of a meal, accompanied by a glass of vin santo.