Buggiano

Buggiano rises in a hilly position in Valdinievole

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The local economy is mainly based on the activity of industries in the mechanical, building materials, furniture, clothing and footwear sectors. The town’s name probably comes from the Latin Christian name “Abudius”, to which the suffix “-anus” was added, indicating belonging.

STRATEGIC POSITION
For its hilly position the territory was inhabited from ancient times because it was considered a strategic place from which to control the important route that linked Florence to Lucca. The village was mentioned for the first time in an official document from 979 that certifies the Longobard domination of the territory during the early Middle Ages. The effective consolidation of the village of Buggiano came about from the 10th century, when the community started to build their own houses on the hills, subsequently continuing down towards the valley. In the XII century Buggiano obtained its civic autonomy, with the possibility of giving itself its own statutes. At the end of the same century the village was governed by a Podestà.

BATTLES FOR CONTROL
In the centuries that followed the territory of Buggiano was a stage for bloody clashes between the two opposing political factions of the Guelphs (supporters of the Papacy) and the Ghibellines (supporters of the Empire); clashes that culminated in a violent battle between the Florentine Guelphs and the Luccan Ghibellines, the latter led by Uguccione della Faggiola, who devastated the Buggiano territory.

In the first decades of the XIV century the Republic of Florence, in full territorial expansion, conquered the entire area of the Valdinievole. Since then Buggiano became part of the Florentine holdings and shared her political and economical destinies. For her part Florence gave out new statutes that confirmed the civic autonomy of Buggiano. In the same period a war started between the villages of the Valdinievole and on those of the Lower Valdarno, a dispute that originated from the mills and stopped when the withdrawing of water caused it to stagnate and therefore spread the swamps.

At the end of the XV century the villages of the Valdinievole won the war that had lasted around a hundred years. In the XVI century Buggiano became part of the Grand Duchy of the Medici, remaining so until the beginning of the XVIII century to then pass under the government of the Dukes of Lorena who controlled it until the end of the same century. During the domination of the Lorena the first significant improvement works in the territory were started, this is something that helped agriculture considerably.

At the beginning of the XIX century the territory of Buggiano was invaded by Napoleon’s troops who occupied the entire area of the Valdinievole until 1814, year in which the French occupation ended and Buggiano became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, ruled by the Lorenas. In 1861 Buggiano was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy thanks to King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia. Among the most important monuments at Buggiano of particular interest are: the Basilica of the Santissimo Crocifisso, the Carozzi-Sannini palazzo, today venue of the Civic Library, and the Castle.

FESTIVALS
Among the numerous events that are regularly held at Buggiano, we recommend the “Festival of the Sausage” that takes place every year in the month of September and during which it is possible to try the tasty specialities typical to the area, washed down with the excellent local wine.
 
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Area

Valdinievole

A journey from Pistoia to Lucca
The Valdinievole is a valley that features an original mix of world famous spas, pristine nature and medieval hamlets. ...
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