Buggiano’s territory, first inhabited by the Ligures and later by the Etruscans and Romans, has always been strategically located: its hills dominate the road connecting Florence and Lucca. Following the Romans, the Lombards also left traces of their settlements in the area. Buggiano thus witnessed its own family of lords reigning over the feudal society: the Lombards of Moana, whose captain Sigifredo is cited in a parchment dating to 991. Yet a document from 1191 records the presence of a chief magistrate and consuls, evidence of the emergence of the first independent towns.
Buggiano’s people, as faithful Tuscans, fought numerous internal battles and others with bordering towns. The territory was highly disputed between Florence and Lucca: in 1315, in the Santa Maria forest, the battle of Montecatini took place, a battle between Lucca’s Ghibellines (led by Uguccione della Foggiola) and the Florentine Guelfs. From 1338 all of Buggiano and the Valdinievole passed under Florentine control. In the modern era, Buggiano's territory gained significance as an economic center: it witnessed the flow of commerce headed towards Livorno through both its roads and waterways (where the Fucecchio Marsh connected to the Arno River). In 1775, after Grand Duke Leopold II’s community reforms, the town hall, records office and magistrate's office moved to Buggiano.
The town is an ideal starting point for exploring the Valdinievole given it’s the area’s most central town. In the municipality’s territory, besides the charming medieval village, be sure to visit Villa Bellavista named for its stunning panoramic views of Montalbano. Don't miss the many remarkable churches in the area, such as the Sanctuary of the Holy Crucifix, whose façade vaunts numerous coats of arms of the Valdinievole’s towns.