In the 1600s, the city was declared a free port, allowing it to trade without having to pay duties. It was in this century, as the various prints and paintings on display attest to, that the Livorno port experienced intense development, earning a top spot in wheat trading in the whole of the Mediterranean. The exhibition then moves to the 1700s and the construction of “La Venezia nuova,” the new neighbourhood that welcomed a large community of merchants.
Amongst the various objects on display, the museum showcases Garibaldi’s poncho, writing desk, red shirts and battle hat, as well as the first flag of the Italian Communist Party. Space is also dedicated to satire, with an exposition of periodicals of political satire and costumes, and in the same section, visitors can find the three false Modigliani heads, the 1984 “Modì prank that brought Livorno into the international spotlight.
The Museum of the City includes a part dedicated to cinema (with posters of some films made in Livorno) and another focused on contemporary art.