The museum is located in the ex-ecclesiastic complex of San Quirico and Lucia in the Park of the Medici Villa dell’Ambrogiana. The primitive Church of San Quirico was founded in the VIII century and it was built on top of a Roman necropolis. Modified in the XII and XV centuries, it became the transept of a larger church in the seventeenth century.For over 30 years, the Archeological Museum of Montelupo has been dedicated to documenting human settlements in northern Tuscany, from the middle stretch of the Arno River (Mid Valdarno Fiorentino), the low Pesa Creek Valley and the southern portion of Montalbano. Artifacts gathered in this area were originally hosted at the Ceramics Museum of the Territory of Montelupo. In January 1985, said institute dedicated to local ceramics developed a ‘permanent exhibition featuring Pre-historic and Proto-historic times.
In September 1989, after the discovery of noteworthy remains in the Municipality of Capraia and its surrounding area, experts developed documentation regarding medieval and classical research and created an authentic archeological section on the ground floor of the restored museum, which was later called the Archeological Museum of Ceramics. The collection includes various stone artifacts as well as objects in ceramic and metal from as early as the Inferior Archaic Paleolithic period. It also exhibits remains from proto-historic, Etruscan, Roman, Medieval and post-Medieval times.