Uzzano is a typical medieval village, nestled in the mountains like a precious jewel. Immersed in the surrounding olive groves, it dominates above the plain below. The castle in Uzzano, like many others of its kind, were built as defense structures and lookouts; even if the town wasn’t built on the peak of the hill, it was nonetheless an excellent observation point over the Valdinievole, Monte Pisano and the valley to the east of Lucca. Despite being a village like any other, Uzzano is unique because together with nearby castles, it was part of a systematic fortified system.
Borgo a Buggiano dates to the 6th century. From Buggiano Castello, you can admire a beautiful landscape. Amongst the monuments worth seeing, there are the Church of SS. Crocifisso and Palazzo Pretorio as well as, moving down towards Stignano, Porta Roma and the Church of Sant’Andrea.
Massa e Cozzile was divided into three hamlets in Antiquity: Verruca, Massa and Cozzile. Still today, the coat of arms shows the symbols of each of these communities: the cross of Verruca, the lily of Cozzile and the mace of Massa. The oldest of these hamlets is Massa, whose origins can be traces to a farm in late-Antiquity. The fortified village had three gates named "Porta Pieri” to the north, “Porta ai Campi” to the south and “Porta Fontana” to the west: the latter two are still standing.