Around Loro Ciuffenna

Loro Ciuffenna

Rich in history and medieval military architecture

Read the story of Loro Ciuffenna on logo toscana ovunque bella Loro Ciuffenna Loro Ciuffenna: a river and a doe in the thick of the woods A meeting with the goddess Artumes in the Etruscan village of Loro CiuffennaRead the story
In the town you can visit the museum in Palazzo Venturi, dedicated to the local artist Venturino Venturi, or retreat to the nearby parish of St. Peter in Gropina.

EARLY HISTORY
Even though there are no direct testimonies of particular importance, it is easy to believe the presence of the Etruscans and Romans in the Lorese area. The territory however lost importance from the 2nd century BC when Julius Caesar concentrated his Capitoline funding on the foundation of Florentia (today’s Florence), in order to bring an area that saw popular rebellions against the Etruscan aristocracy and Roman domination under control. The construction of the new Cassia, very distant from the area of Loro, further contributed to cut out the Lorese population from the large commercial routes.

With the fall of the Roman Empire the Longobards affirmed themselves in the area. With the necessity of linking their capital Pavia from the powerful, south-central Ducati, protecting the Byzantium roads, this people brought a re-flourishing of many areas of Tuscany that were by now almost depopulated. In the VIII century, when the Franks established themselves, the whole of the Arezzo area was already scattered with the original hamlets that then were to become the great medieval castles. That of Loro was probably present from the 10th century. The first document that gives information about it is from 1059.
 
Belonging to the Ubertini family, the castle then passes into the hands of Guicciardo, founder of the homonymous stronghold not faraway that at the time lay in the sphere of influence of the Guidi feudatories, as a direct member of the family or their vassal. The Guidi are among the main protagonists of the fortification process of the villages of the Casentino area and the Valdarno after 1000AD. It needs to be specified, however, that the area is strongly influenced by the power and prestige of the Bishopric of Arezzo, whose role, in the continual rotations of the feudal families in Loro, was anything but secondary.
 
In the XIII century, under pressure from Florence that also tore a section of free access to the village from them in 1219, the power of the Guidi continued to vanish even more, until 1293, when even they lost Loro and other castles. The following century was marked by the struggle between the Guelphs and Ghibellines that also saw the conflict between the Republic and great Ghibelline feudatories. It was then that the Guidi tried in vain to re-conquer Loro. From 1337 the situation was stabilised with Arezzo’s fall to the Florentines.
 
In the XV century a new and rich rank of landowners was established in the area. Loro, in 1462, was erected as an autonomous town. The socio-political situation of the territory however changed in 1646, when Ferdinand II De’ Medici delivered it as a fief to Piero Capponi. In this period the centre of Loro widened the original inhabited nucleus, next to the castle, well past the Ciuffenna stream, but paradoxically the area lived a period of economic decline that caused violent revolts, such as that in 1799 against the French who had occupied the Grand Duchy following Napoleon’s orders. They had to wait for the Unification of Italy in 1860 for the area to grow richer.

Cover image credit: Comune di Loro Ciuffenna

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Area

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