Mentioned by Dante Alighieri in the Divine Comedy, Galluzzo is a small town, just 5 kilometers from Florence city center, that is part of the Quartiere 3 of Florence Municipality. It was one of the most populated areas of Florence surroundings until 1931, when the municipality of Galluzzo was discontinued and its area annexed to Florence, Scandicci and Impruneta.
Nowadays Galluzzo is famous for the presence of Florence Charterhouse, known as Certosa del Galluzzo or Certosa di Firenze, that was founded in 1341 by Niccolò Acciaioli. The Charterhouse is located on top of Monte Acuto where the Ema and Greve rivers join together, and it looks like a beautiful fortress still enclosed in massive walls. It’s been enlarged over the centuries and enriched with great artworks, and some of them are still there. The large complex includes the Churchos San Lorenzo, the Chapter house, the cloisters, the Sacristy, the Refectory and the cells of the monks. Among the artworks preserved inside the Certosa di Firenze you see 5 lunettes by Pontormo depicting the Passion of Christ - Pontormo stayed here a couple of years, between 1523 to 1525 to be safe from the terrible plague that was affecting Florence at that time. Not to be missed the stunning frescoes by Poccetti inside the Church of San Lorenzo and the wooden furniture.
Inside the Charterhouse there is a shop where you can buy the products made by the residents, like jams, candies and spirits.
Not too far from the Certosa, about 15 kilometers, there is the Fountain of the Fata Morgana supposed to be built in the the second half of the 16th century by Giambologna inside the estate of Bernardo Vecchietti. Legend has it that the water has magic powers: it makes people younger and can make you immortal; in addition they say that during summer nights beautiful women and fairies appear and party in the nearby.
Last part of this first day ends in Ponte a Ema where we suggest to visit the Bartali Cycling Museum, that is now part of Florence civic museums. It celebrates the great Italian biker Gino Bartali, who was born in Ponte a Ema in 1914 and won three Giri d’Italia, two Tour de France and many other important cycling races between 1936 to 1959 when he definitely stopped racing. The museum displays many original bikes, uniforms and documents of life and career of Gino Bartali and his rivals, like Fausto Coppi and Giuseppe Olmo.