One of Cascina's most charming constructions is the parish church of Santa Maria Assunta and San Giovanni, which stands in the centre of where the original settlement grew up. An example of the Pisan Romanesque with a striking façade, its interior also surprises with its elegance and delicacy. Between the columns, which are made of Carrara marble, we find a terracotta Madonna and Child by Benedetto da Maiano, a fifteenth-century Florentine sculptor.
The Oratory of San Giovanni Battista also stands in Cascina's historic centre, a rare piece of medieval painting in the Pisan area. It was built in the fourteenth century and frescoed by the Sienese artist Martino di Bartolomeo.
Cascina's everyday local artisans, however, are no less impressive: their skill with their hands has earned the town the nickname of the "furniture city". This subsector of woodwork goes back a long way here, all the way to antiquity: the pharmacy at the Calci charterhouse seems to have originated in one of Cascina's workshops. The history of this tradition is preserved in the Museum of the Art and Artisans of Woodwork, which forms part of the permanent furniture exhibition.