On the first floor, visitors will find the magnificent Hall of the 500, attributed to Cronaca (1495), which was used for meetings of the Grand Council according to the State reforms promoted by Girolamo Savonarola. The current appearance of the walls, originally frescoed by Michelangelo and Leonardo, dates to the massive decoration campaign executed by Vasari and his school. The Hall is also home to Michelangelo’s marble Genius of Victory.
In contrast with the grandiose aspect of the hall is the Studiolo of Francesco I, a gem of art and mannerist style, where the prince would retire to study and contemplate his treasures. A visit to the palace includes the rooms on the first floor, each one of which is dedicated to a member of the Medici family (Cosimo the Elder, Lorenzo, Leo X).
On the second floor, we find the Apartments of the Elements and the Apartments of Eleonora da Toldeo, wife of Cosimo I, where visitors can see the Grand Duchess’s small chapel, magnificently decorated by Bronzino. The large delegation rooms, the Audience Chamber and the Hall of Lilies come next, with richly detailed ceilings, decorations and doors from the 15th century. In the final part of the Monumental Apartments, visitors can admire the Loeser Collection, left to the City of Florence by the American art critic Charles Loeser, who died in 1928, comprising paintings and sculptures mostly of the Tuscan school and dating to the 13th-15th centuries, including works by Bronzino and Cellini.