Many disputes exist to determine how old Chianti is, including the meaning of the name: for some, it means "flapping wings" or "screaming and sounds of horns" or maybe it comes from Clante, a very common Etruscan name. The winemaking culture in Tuscany occurred thanks to the Medici family. In 1716, the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo III, defined the boundaries of the Chianti production area, stretching between the cities of Florence and Siena. The “Chianti” area was where “Chianti” wine was produced. The Gallo Nero (black rooster) symbol was chosen immediately, a historical symbol used by the Military League of Chianti. In the same period, for commercial reasons, the wine began to be produced outside the Chianti region, delimited in 1716, and this wine was also called Chianti. To differentiate both wines in 1932, a ministerial decree assigned to the historical Chianti area the right to use the “Classico” name. So today we can find both Chianti Classico DOCG and Chianti DOCG.
The Chianti Wine Consortium has been responsible for the quality of the wine since 1927. The Consortium inspects the entire chain of production, including grape selection, vinification, verification of the chemical, physical and organoleptic characteristics, and bottling operations to ensure compliance with the DOCG requirements.
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