The Mont’Alfonso Fortress in Castelnuovo Garfagnana was built between 1579 and 1586 on the command of Alfonso Il d’Este and was the last defensive stronghold of the Duchy of Ferrara to guard the border with nearby Lucca.
Designed by the engineer Marc’Antonio Pasi, it is the most significant architectural military development in Este’s Garfangnana, with an area of 60,000 metres squared, the border wall measuring 1,150 metres, 7 bastions, a walkway for patrol and two doors. Used as the Este’s military headquarters in the 16th and 17th centuries, it became property of the states of Lucca and Piombino during the Napoleonic period (1805-1814), and today it houses the tourist information point, the Centre for Folk Traditions and the documentation centre of fortifications in the Garfagnana.
From the fortress, visitors can walk to Castelnuovo following the scenic Ariosto trail. From there, you can enjoy a unique view of the Apuan Alps and the Appenino Tosco-Emiliano National Park.
Natural and historic beauty in the heart of the Garfagnana
Castelnuovo is considered both the capital and the green heart of the Garfagnana. It is located in the area to the north of the river Serchio, between the Apennines and the Apuan Alps, about forty kilometres from the city of Lucca. ...