Volterra is on top of a hill in the valley where two rivers, Cecina and Era, meet in one of the most spectacular landscapes. Its fortune, in ancient times, was determined by the presence of mineral deposits in the nearby hills as it was rich in silver, lead and salt mines. Volterra was part of the 12 Etruscan lucumonies and has a medieval town layout, the core of which is Piazza dei Priori. The ancient walls are perfectly maintained and they only partly trace the line of the Etruscan ones.
You have to to visit the Duomo, the Baptistery and the Museo Etrusco Guarnacci, which has a collection of archaeological ruins as well as roman ones, and more than 600 cinerary urns in tuff, alabaster and terracotta, coming from several different necropolis. Important evidence of the past can also be found in the archaeological area of Vallebuona where you'll find the ruins of a theatre and some hot springs and as well as the Archaeological Park area, where the ruins of the Etruscan-Roman acropolis are.