The 14th-century Frescobaldi Tower is located in its namesake village along the Arno River. After functioning as a hunting lodge in the Ambrogiana complex, the tower served as the monitoring center for river traffic.
Boasting over 3000 artifacts, the Archaeological Museum is one of the region's most unique spaces. Its rich wealth of treasures stems from over 30 years of excavations in 168 sites; artifacts were uncovered in an area that stretches from the mid-Valdarno Fiorentino to the lower Val di Pesa, including part of Montalbano. The archaeological collections date from Prehistoric times (from even 200,000 years ago) to the Metal Ages, Etruscan and Roman civilizations and the late medieval period. The museum building is part of an ecclesiastical complex included in the exhibition itinerary.
This Medici villa is located at the meeting point of the Pesa and Arno rivers; the area was one of the best places for hunting and fishing and a top rest stop for the court traveling between Florence and Pisa. The villa was also a favorite of Cosimo III, who moved a number of his painting collections here, including a few botanical and naturalistic specimens. Today, this structure is home to a health facility, making only its spacious park accessible to visitors.
You can’t visit Montelupo Fiorentino’s territory without visiting its historic city center, a pedestrian area home to many ceramic shops, a local product once sold all over the world. Taking a detour from piazza della Libertà along corso Garibaldi, you’ll reach piazza Vittorio Veneto, where you’ll find the new Museum of Ceramics.
The Church of San Giovanni Evangelista also merits a visit to see the beautiful Madonna with Child and Saints altarpiece attributed to Botticelli and his school; the predella still displays saints Rocco, Augustine, Lawrence and Sebastian.
A panoramic spot not to miss is Montelupo’s higher ground, an area that once housed a medieval castle built for defensive purposes by the Florentine Republic in 1203.
The path continues for about 7 km of winding bends along the Turbone overflow basin. Along this riverbank you’ll find a particular species of swallow called 'topino' (little mouse) named after its habit of digging its nest into walls. The route also runs along the "Capitani" and "delle Topole" crosspieces, useful for slowing down the current and for the oxygenation of the water; they also serve as constant water reserves, shelter for fish species in the summer when the stream is dry.
The Roman Villa of Vergigno dates to the 1st century A.D. The structure was built on a terraced landscape between the Pesa torrent and the flowing Vergigno River, retracing the typical Roman domus. This Roman gem is the only villa in the Florentine area whose layout has been entirely rebuilt.