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10 gems not to be missed along the Via Francigena in Tuscany

Here are some of the many historical attractions you'll run into along the Tuscan stretch of the Via Francigena

The Via Francigena is the general name of the ancient pilgrim route running from Canterbury to Rome. It was known in Italy as the Via Francigena ("the road that comes from France") or the Via Romea Francigena ("the road to Rome that comes from France"). In medieval times it was an important road and pilgrimage route for those wishing to visit the Holy See and the tombs of the apostles Peter and Paul.

The entire Tuscan section of the Via Francigena, from the Passo della Cisa to Radicofani, has been progressively made safer and the infrastructure has been fully restored. It certainly is a unique itinerary: 380 km of history, culture and traditions, immersed in an exciting landscape, to be travelled by car, but, more appropriately, on foot, by bicycle or on horseback. An ode to slow travel!

All along the route, in addition to the places that are (of course) best known - Lucca, Siena, San Gimignano, Bagno Vignoni - and their famous treasures, there are some real gems to be discovered, step by step. Here are some of them!

Piagnaro Castle in Pontremoli (Massa Carrara area)

The Piagnaro Castle stands atop a hill overlooking the historical centre of Pontremoli. It was erected in the 11th century so to control the network of underlying roads and became an integral part of the town’s defensive system.

Nowadays the Castle is open to the public and is home to the Museum of Lunigiana Stele Statues.

Piagnaro Castle in Pontremoli
Carrara's Dome

The Dome of Carrara, also known as Cathedral of Sant'Andrea is a Roman church almost completely covered in local marble. Its history dates to the year 1035, when it was mentioned in a notarial deed, but its construction ended in the late 14th century, so that it cherishes many different  architectural styles.

For starters, the visual impact of the building upon entering the small piazza is astonishing, you'll love it!

Carrara dome façade - Credit: Federico86
Palazzo Ducale in Massa

Also known as the Red Palace, Massa's Palazzo Ducale is a sumptuous palace filled with columns, stairs and arcades, with decorations all strictly made of white marble. It was built by the Malaspina family at the beginning of the 16th century.

Nowadays the building hosts the offices of both the Provincial Authority and the Prefecture, and it is open to the public during office hours. Occasionally, the Sala degli Specchi and the Salone degli Svizzeri host temporary exhibitions.

Palazzo Ducale in Massa - Credit: Davide Papalini
Montecarlo Fortress (Lucca area)

The towers of this imposing structure, built on a strategic hill, are positioned in an original triangular formation. Over the centuries it has undergone a great deal of restoration work and alterations, like the imposing bastions and Florentine arches desired by Cosimo de Medici.

The fortress can be visited (in some periods of the year advance reservation is required) and hosts temporary exhibitions.

Info: and

Montecarlo fortress tower - Credit: Fortezza di Montecarlo
Rocca di Federico II in San Miniato (Pisa area)

The tower of Federico II, named in honour of the emperor who built it between 1217 and 1223, stands on the summit of the hill. In 1944 the Germans mined the tower razing it to the ground and what we see today is a faithful reconstruction.

From the top of the tower (30 metres high!), thanks to powerful telescopes, you can see the point where the Via Francigena meets the Roman road that runs from Pisa to Florence.

Federico II Tower in San Miniato - Credit: Alejandro Benito
Abbey of Santa Maria a Coneo in Colle Val d’Elsa (Siena area)

A Romanesque church founded around the year 1000 and flanked by the buildings of the monastery.

Badia a Coneo along the via Francigena - Credit:
Grancia di Cuna in Monteroni d'Arbia (Siena area)

It is a fascinating example of a fortified medieval farm. Also, it represents one the most interesting architectural structures in Tuscany, thanks to its size and characteristic red bricks.

Here, in 1152, the presence of a "spedale" (hospital) is documented for the care of pilgrims and merchants. At the beginning of the 13th century the lands were purchased by the city of Siena and by the Spedale della Scala.

Collegiata dei Santi Quirico e Giulitta in San Quirico d’Orcia (Siena area)

The first known document about San Quirico d'Orcia dates to 712 AD and it’s an act relating to a dispute between the diocese of Siena and Arezzo for the possession of some churches, among which figure the beautiful church of San Quirico in Osenna.

Centuries later, the Collegiata dei Santi Quirico e Giulitta was built in that exact spot.

Collegiata dei Santi Quirico e Giulitta - Credit: Franco Vannini
Horti Leonini in San Quirico d’Orcia (Siena area)

The Horti Leonini were created around 1581 on a land that Francesco I de' Medici had given to Diomede Leoni.

The gardens have maintained to this day the original structure, creating a well-preserved example of classic Italian garden.

Horti leonini - Credit: Henrik Berger Jørgensen
Posta Medicea in Radicofani (Siena area)

This massive building,designed by Buontalenti at the end of the 16th century, is set in the lowest part of Radicofani, the southern gateway to the Tuscan Via Francigena.

It was the place where the travellers would change horses, spent the night, eat, rest and shelter in case of bad weather.

Posta Medicea in Radicofani - Credit: Radicofani on Toscana Ovunque Bella

The original version of this article was written by Leila Firusbakht.

Francigena and Spiritual Routes