Grosseto is the biggest city in the Maremma, in southern Tuscany, and is just 14 kilometres from the Tyrrhenian Sea. The town dates to the Early Middle Ages, later growing in importance until it became one of the most prominent cities in Tuscany. Between the 12th and 15th centuries, Siena, Florence and the Spanish dominated Grosseto, but it was under the Medici family that the city was transformed into a fortress. In 1574, defensive walls began to be built, which are still well-maintained today, while the area was drained and road networks started to take shape. Following the Lorraine takeover, Grosseto continued to flourish. Today, Grosseto is a beautiful city surrounded by a green plain, and walking along its streets, observing its monuments, you can witness 12 centuries of history.
A trip to Grosseto would not be complete without visiting the fortified walls. The hexagonal 16th-century wall dominated by the impressive Medici Fortress was built in 1574, replacing the ones from the 12–14th centuries. Once intended to defend the city, they now form a pleasant tree-lined walk used as a public park. To find out more about the Grosseto’s city walls, read this post.
The Cathedral of San Lorenzo is a Roman Catholic church in the Romanesque style, home to an abundant collection of artwork. Its construction began at the end of the 13th century and finished in the 15th century. It has a Latin cross plan, a distinctive façade with alternating layers of white and black marble, a bell tower built in 1402 on the left side that was reworked in 1911 and another on the right side that looks out on to piazza Dante, characterized by a Roman column topped with a composite Corinthian capital, used in medieval times to post public notices.