Grosseto is the biggest city in the Maremma, in southern Tuscany, and is just 14 kilometres from the Tyrrhenian Sea. The town dates to the Early Middle Ages, later growing in importance until it became one of the most prominent cities in Tuscany. Between the 12th and 15th centuries, Siena, Florence and the Spanish dominated Grosseto, but it was under the Medici family that the city was transformed into a fortress. In 1574, defensive walls began to be built, which are still well-maintained today, while the area was drained and road networks started to take shape. Following the Lorraine takeover, Grosseto continued to flourish. Today, Grosseto is a beautiful city surrounded by a green plain, and walking along its streets, observing its monuments, you can witness 12 centuries of history.