The Livorno Hills area includes the city of Livorno, Rosignano Marittimo and Collesalvetti. The territory is mostly made up of the regional park; another portion of the region is located in the coastal area within the Calafuria nature preserve. The western side of the hills offers an interesting “military” panorama, thanks to structures like the Castello del Boccale, the Calafuria Tower and the Sidney Sonnino castle. More towards the south, in the city of Rosignano Marittimo, we find the gorgeous beachside town, Castiglioncello, which is dominated by the Castello Pasquini.
In the northern area, we find the Montenero sanctuary. In the interior eastern part we find the town of Valle Benedetta with its two 17th century sanctuaries. Ruins of three windmills built in the 18th century on the advice of Dutch engineers can still be seen today.
The Livorno Hills are filled with Mediterranean brush and trees that rise over 30 m in height. Among the most common are various types of pines, elms, maple and live oaks.
00, from Pian di Rota passing through Valle Benedetta and Nibbiaia.
1, departing from "Tiro a segno", uphill west towards Poggio Corbolone to the Grocione pass.
2, which connects to number 4 departing from the M° Ferrierd on the River Ardenza. The path runs through the Poggio Sperticara and the Botro del Molino stream.
3, that arrives at the Valle Benedetta from Collesalvetti. During the 10 km hike, the trail runs through Bosco Malenchini, Castell'Anselmo, Parrana San Martino and Poggio ai Tre Molini (435 m).
4, departing from Castello del Boccale, on the Aurelia, and reaching Castellaccio (300 m, at Montenero) and Monte Nero (313 m), and running east towards Mount Maggiore.
5, from Colognole (Collesalvetti), to the Torrente Morra (280 m).
6, departing from the outcrop of the Torrente Chioma and following the river on the border between Livorno and Rosignano Marittimo, the trail arrives at the Podere del Gorgo (59 m), after 3 km.
7, from Gabbro, the trail turns to the west of Poggio d'Arco and Montanto, to end at the 00 trail after 2 km in Palazzine, near Mount Maggiore.
8, runs for 5 km from Fortullino to the outcrop of Fortulla. The path, completely integrated into the city of Rosignano Marittimo, reaches Poggio San Quirico (313 m) and runs towards the Piano dei Lupi where it reaches number 00.
9, connects Gabbro and Nibbiaia, and for half of its length (5 km) runs through a paved road and crosses Poggio Dorcino, Poggio Carciviscoli and Stregonia.
10, connects Castiglioncello to trail 00 at Mount Pelato (378 m) through a bike trail on number 11 that concludes in Castelnuovo della Misericordia, after 2 km.
12, runs along the River Fine from the trail 00 to the town of Migliarino. Even though it is in the Livorno Hills, the trail is still including in the local signage.
13, departing from Lake Solvay, the trail runs for 1km in the Province of Pisa before returning to the Province of Livorno before terminating near Rosignano Marittimo.