It is a valley that corresponds to the upper river Sieve, delimited by the Apennine Mountains with the Futa Pass, the Giogo Pass, the Passo della Colla di Casaglia and the Muraglione Pass. Mugello is separated from the Arno Valley and from Florence by the ridges of Monte Giovi, Vetta le Croci, Monte Senario and Croci di Calenzano. The territory of the "Unione montana dei Comuni del Mugello" unites two geographical areas: the Mugello and the Upper Mugello or Romagna-Tuscany. Now that we have geographically located the Mugello Valley, let’s talk about its origins.
The name Mugello comes from a Ligurian tribe called Magelli, who prospered in this area during Paleolithic times. Then the Etruscans occupied the area, leaving many archaeological traces and then, in the third-fourth century BCE, the Romans invaded Tuscany and seized control of this region. The Middle Ages in this area left numerous castles (some of which are still visible today) and then came the time of the Florentine families who built villas here (including the Medicis villas of Cafaggiolo and del Trebbio).
The landscape of the Mugello is characterized by a wide belt of mountains and hills that slope down to the plain adjacent to the river Sieve. The fauna of this area includes deer, roe deer, wild boar and mouflon as well as wolves and eagles. The Mugello includes 4 forest reserves that are part of the Agricultural Heritage of Tuscany: the Giogo-Casaglia, the Calvana, the Alto Senio and the Alpe. Since the Nineties, the Lake of Bilancino has become a characteristic feature of the Mugello landscape. It is an artificial lake created with the primary purpose of adjusting the flow rates of the Sieve and ensure water supply to Florentines, but it is also used for tourism purposes. Here are 9 towns in the Mugello area: