Garfagnana is a rich land of surprises, with ancient and bizarre bridges, fantastic grottos and ghost towns that rise from the water. There are numerous places to visit for a day trip. The road that leads there is easy: starting in Lucca we travel towards Barga and when we reach Borgo a Mozzano we continue to follow the road for Barga, from here the road signs lead us straight to the Grotta del Vento.
La Grotta del Vento, visitable all year long, is about 13km from Barga, in the valley of the Turrite di Gallicano stream in the Apuan park. Here the atmospheric agents carve unrelentingly, sculpting and shaping the limestone rocks, giving rise to the majestic natural sculptures, such as the Panie mountain range, the huge natural arch of Monte Forato or the stone falls and crevasses of Altopiano della Vetricia. Immersed in this evocative setting, the Grotto del Vento presents an exceptional variety of Karst underground aspects ranging from live, glistening stalactites and stalagmites, to lakes, rivers, erosion forms, mud formations and even perfectly vertical wells that can be visited via convenient pathways.
Another highly appealing site is Fabbriche di Careggine, a ghost town since 1947, submerged by the waters of the artificial lake of Vagli, formed following the construction of a hydroelectric dam. La Fabbrica di Carregine is visitable only every ten years as it is under the waters of the Vagli Lake.
Another remarkable Karst is that of l’Antro del Corchia, among the largest caves in Europe, made up of numerous incredible mazes of tunnels and concretions, which can be visited from March to October. The Monte Corchia complex, which includes the Cave and the Fighiera and Farolfi abyss, is the largest Karst complex in Italy, with approximately 64 kilometers of known tunnels, of which only 53 are transcribed on paper. To this day, the public can access two kilometers of galleries of the entire complex.
As well as the striking landscapes in Garfagnana it is also possible to taste typical, unique products that are still created according to ancient methods passed down from family to family. Just a few examples are: the PGI Spelt of Garfagnana, the flour of Neccio D.O.P (protected domination of origin) of Garfagnana, a special type of maize called Formenton, the honey, the tasty porcini mushrooms, the Biroldo and the Pecorino garfagnino cheese.