The ruins of Moneta Castle are nestled in the Fossola hills, near Carrara, whose origins date to around 1000 BCE. The hamlet of Moneta was an Ancient Roman settlement before being taken over by the Byzantines, Longobards and Franks who all valued this site for its strategic defensive position. The age-old castle boasts beautiful views and was conquered by different peoples throughout history. Because of its location, guarding the hills between Liguria and Carrara and the crossroads of ancient routes crossing the Lunigiana and Liguria, the village was the site of bitter fighting. Over the centuries, the castrum was transformed into a fortress, then into a defense structure with a medieval village surrounded by farmlands, attracting people who sought shelter and protection within the solid walls. In the 18th century the castle and village were gradually abandoned, with locals moving to Carrara and Fossola. The nearby hills hold two bunkers constructed by German troops as they were creating the Gothic Line.