Il parco dei monti livornesi

The Livorno Mountain Park

Beautiful countryside, numerous waterways and geological resources

The Livorno Mountain Park covers over 3300 hectares of land around Livorno, Collesalvetti and Rosignano Marittimo. Of this area, around 1330 hectares is park land and about 2000 hectares has ANPIL status (Protected Wildlife Area of Local Interest).  
The coastal area of the park near Rosignano is abundant in diverse vegetation, waterways and geological resources, making it one of the most important parts of the Livorno Mountain Park. The hills here were formed between 15 and 20 million years ago and are a vital part of the region's natural, historical and environmental heritage. The whole area is covered in interesting hiking trails immersed in typical Mediterranean scrub.
The Park extends as far as the flourishing state-managed forest in the Benedetta Valley near Montenero. This woodland is full of waterways, mainly streams, which historically powered the area's many watermills. Very often, it's still possible to identify where these old watermills stood, as many of them have been transformed into houses, especially along the rivers Ugione, Morra, Camorr and Chioma. Other old watermills have been left to crumble, although its still possible to see what they once were.  

There are plenty of opportunities for great days out in the countryside here, especially on Mount Pelato, Poggetti Park and by the river Chioma - all areas of outstanding natural beauty on the coast between Castiglioncello and Rosignano Solvay.

There are many footpaths which are ideal for hiking, mountain biking and horse riding. There are, in fact, 200km of bridle paths which link up the main protected wildlife areas around Livorno and which even join up to the Interprovincial Park of Montaione. These bridle paths wind their way through stunning countryside and pass by the ruins of many old buildings such as mills, ice houses and ovens. The bridle paths also pass the eighteenth century Colognole Aqueduct and its 18km of splendid arches, monuments and huge walls. This aqueduct brought vital water from a natural spring to the city of Livorno and its surrounding hill towns. With such a beautiful natural backdrop, it's a sight to be seen.

The Livorno Mountain Park is Livorno's 'green lung'. It's also a wonderful place to study local geomorphic phenomena and geological formations. There's also a rich variety of wildlife, from the invertebrates found in the waterways (a clear sign of the quality of the water), to crustaceans, anphibians, fish, mammals (including rare species like the marten), insects and birds (including migratory and nesting varieties). 

A wonderful natural environment surrounded by hills, woods and Mediterranean greenery
Apart from the main town of Collesalvetti–originally an ancient Roman settlement, then a medieval fief and a busy agricultural village–there are numerous villages with historical monuments in this area that are of Etruscan-Roman origin. There are also still traces of prehistoric times. ...