Caprigliola is located on a hill, overlooking the Magra valley; it dominated trade routes which wound their way throughout the valley, leading to the ports of Luni and Bocca di Magra. The first documents that refer to ‘castrum Caprigliola’ date back to the twelfth century. In 1185, Federick I handed Caprigliola over to Pietro, Bishop of Luni and his successors as feudal property. During the same period, the village became a fortified centre. It hosted the summer residence of the Bishops of Luni. Traces of the palace still remain, in addition to an elegant cylindrical tower.
The bishop’s complex occupies the top of the hill and it is now flanked by the eighteenth century church of San Nicolò. In 1401, Caprigliola, Albiano and Stadano gave themselves up to Florence. In 1556, by order of Cosimo de’ Medici, the Florentines built fortified walls around the village, confirming its strategic role. These majestic walls are well preserved and within the hamlet’s centre, you can still see a gateway from the fifteenth century, the Medici coats of arms and lovely marble portals. The surrounding landscape hosts olive groves and grapevines giving rise to excellent local food products. The territory is part of the DOC area of Colli di Luni.