This estate would never have existed if not for an innovative project spearheaded by Lorenzo di Piero de' Medici, known as Lorenzo il Magnifico.This was originally a marsh area which suffered regular flooding. At the end of the 15th century a massive project was undertaken to redirect the water flows and create a passageway to the area.
The construction on the site was extensive: farm buildings, workers' residences, animal stables, enclosures for the black bucks, and an aviary for exotic birds. The farmstead produced an enormous range of products: beef, lamb and pork; milk and cheeses; honey; fruits and vegetables. In one area of the estate experiments in rice production were also conducted. In fact, the farm produced sufficient staples to satisfy the needs of the entire city of Florence.
Source: Prato APT