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Cortona, the Etruscan crypt Melone del Sodo
Photo ©Cortona, Melone del Sodo
Historical sites

Archeological area in Cortona

The impressive Etruscan tombs at the complexes in Sodo and Camucia

Map for 43.275063,11.98512

The archeological area in Cortona includes the magnificent, noble tombs at the complex in Sodo and the mound in Camucia, a testament to the presence of Etruscan aristocracy in the territory.

The first “Melone” of Sodo contains a tomb discovered in 1909 that dates to the 6th century BCE, comprising a series of chambers along the sides of a central corridor (dromos).

The second “Melone” of Sodo rises like a colossal mass atop a monumental drum made of large, squared blocks: it contains two tombs, the first of which dates to the 6th century BCE, brought to light in 1928, and the second, found in the 1990s. Just opposite is a massive altar/podium used for funerary purposes; the structure has a flight of steps with antae built from blocks that are sculpted with depictions of a fight between two warriors armed with daggers who are trying to strike at the wild beasts that are crushing them. It’s certainly impressive, the only one of its kind in Etruria and decorated with refined elements of ancient sculpture. The mound in Camucia contains two tombs. The first was discovered in 1840 by the famous archeologist Alessandro François, while the second was found in 1964.

Info: beniculturali.it

The beautiful city of Cortona lies in the mountains between the Valdichiana and Tevere valley. Cortona was a very important center of Etruscan civilization, and these ancient settlements remain at the core of the city’s identity. Two kilometers of the Etruscan walls, which date to the 5th century BCE, are still standing today. ...