Luca della Robbia (Florence, 1400-1481) was a ceramics master and Italian sculptor. He was the first artist to have brought ceramic art to the same level as the other figurative and visual arts. His works have the beauty and expressiveness of other contemporary works by Donatello, Verrocchio and Sandro Botticelli.
In 1414, Luca began his training in the workshop of Nanni di Banco. A year later, he travelled to Venice to learn the art of glass blowing, mosaics and terracotta. After the death of Nanni di Banco, he moved to Donatello’s workshop, where he became friends with Brunelleschi.
In 1427, he learned to work gold and make wax sculptures. In 1432, he enrolled in the school Arte dei Maestri di Pietra e di Legname, and became a master sculptor. In 1439, he renounced sculpture and dedicated himself entirely to ceramics. This is when he began working for the Medici family, who commissioned many works of a religious and sacred theme. His artworks can be seen in many churches in and around Florence.
He died in 1481 of kidney failure, and was buried in the San Pier Maggiore church, which was demolished in 1783.